A news stack is a layering of subject areas that a consumer of current events needs to be well informed. (As far as I know, the term 'news stack' is my own coinage.) It's akin in concept to a tech stack of components for software.
Major daily newspapers try to cover at least this stack:
- World news
- National news
However, all newspapers have been acting as news aggregators for years. One of the newspapers I read as a child was the Knoxville News-Sentinel, where international coverage consisted of occasional pulls of lead paragraphs off the wire services in small type.
TV news has had a shorter and more distributed news stack. The national and cable networks have taken the national and world news. Local affiliate broadcasts handle local news and sports, and they add an orgy of weather coverage presented over and over again in a way that has a low information density but lots of graphics and pictures that even the village idiot can relate to. Local access cable (remember that?) handles the really local stuff and a little bloglike bloviating that seldom gets any attention (hey, like me!), but I'm getting ahead of myself.
Delivering the entire news stack to readers on paper requires a single organization. Not so on the Internet. Not even so on TV. Already, anything lucrative and integral has been unbundled. Weather is on the Weather Channel, even though its content is all basically dressed up from NOAA data (cheap!). Sports is on all sorts of specialty channels; ESPN can proxy for all of them.
On the Internet, we all get to pick our own news stacks. Mine is, more or less:
- World - New York Times
- National - Times, Washington Post
- Politics - Times, Post, Boston Globe, and my blogroll
- Lowest common denominator - CNN.com
- Boston and Massachusetts - Globe (oh, yeah, sports, too)
- MetroWest and Framingham - MetroWest Daily News
- Business - Wall Street Journal (but not my strongest interest)
- Local towns - amateur or semipro news blogs
- Opinion - the blogosphere plus Paul Krugman (Tom Friedman? puh-leeze)
So, is Google the end-all of news aggregation? Maybe, but only for junkies like me. Google will remain the tool for drilling into a story beyond even what an aggregator provides - because there's always more to a story that obsesses readers - like Jon-Benet Ramsey or nuclear non-proliferation.
What I do know is that there is no longer any reason related to distribution medium that all the layers of the news stack need to be filled by the same organization. This means that news organizations need to identify which layer they can compete in (and for many it will be at most one).
There are still scale advantages in adjacent layers. Effective and resourceful organizations will still try to expand into them. Witness the dispute between the Globe and Gatehouse Media over local aggregation.
But trying to fill the whole stack without aggregating? No one who's left doing journalism is going to succeed at that.